Guidance on Structure and Formatting


Authors are urged to strictly follow the Instructions for Authors for the structuring and formatting of the contributions. The structure is given below for your quick reference.


·        Title

·        Author(s)

·        Keywords

·        Short contents list: Section headings and sub-section headings

·        Glossary (terms definitions, abbreviations, symbols, nomenclatures etc.)

·        Summary

·        Body of the contribution under Section headings and sub-section headings, equations, chemical symbols and formulas, captions for graphics and tables at the appropriate locations

·        Acknowledgments (if required)

·        Bibliography: Please give full details for all items of bibliography, i.e. all authors names and initials (please avoid using ‘et al’), year, article/chapter title, journal/book title (in full), editors, publisher, publisher’s location, volume and page numbers. Please include an annotation at the end of the item, in square brackets. Some examples are given below for the sake of illustration:


Each table, graphic and Appendix, as well as the keywords, author details and author biography, should be provided in a separate file.



Examples of bibliographic items:


Skirrow G. (1975). The dissolved gases – carbon dioxide. Chemical Oceanography, Vol. 2 (ed. J.P. Riley and G. Skirrow), pp. 1–183. London, New York, San Francisco: Academic Press. [This presents a comprehensive discussion on carbon dioxide as a dissolved gas in water]


Stumm W. and Morgan J.J. (1981). Aquatic Chemistry. An Introduction Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in Natural Waters, 780 pp. New York, Chichester, Brisbane: John Wiley & Sons. [This book introduces all the essential aspects of aquatic chemistry with special focus on chemical equilibria in natural in naturally occurring water sources and bodies]


Al-Sulami S.A. and Hodgkiess T. (1997). Investigation of the chemistry of alkaline scale formation: influence of vacuum, heat flux and some antiscalants on the thermal decomposition of bicarbonate. IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse (Proceedings of the IDA World Congress, Madrid, 1997), Vol. 3 (ed. Centro de Estudios y Experimentacion de Obras Publicas), pp. 519–530. Madrid: Ministerio de Fomento Centro de Publicaciones. [This paper investigates scaling phenomena in seawater desalination systems with focus on the formation of alkaline scales and the influence of various conditions of the plant]


A further note on bibliography


The bibliographic items should not be cited in the body of the contribution for the following reasons. This is to ensure presentation of the relevant material in the contribution itself to render it stand alone and useful for self study. This decision has been made considering the undesirable possibility of the writings carrying undue diversions to outside sources, with the onus of information and/or explanation being on the reader. It is feared that such writings tend to become sketchy by merely directing the reader to other sources; we feel this should be avoided in an encyclopedia.


The important thing is to discourage writings from simply referring to other literature without presenting the substance that is necessary on the spot for the satisfaction of the reader. The reader should feel that he or she has learned about the subject at some depth, depending on the level of the writing. If citation of references were allowed, then the tendency of the writing would be to keep telling the reader more about where the subject matter is available rather than integrating it into the writing. Such a tendency is sure to be frustrating and disappointing since it makes the writing directive rather than instructive.


Direct quotes may be identified in the running text, without a reference in parenthesis.

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